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Wikipedia George Anca (writer and Indologist)
George Anca Birth name: Gheorghe Anca Born: 12 April 1944 Ruda, Vâlcea, Romania Married: to Rodica Anca (1966), one daughter, Alexandra-Maria (born 1973) Occupation: Writer Founder: International Academy Mihai Eminescu
George Anca (born 12 April 1944) is a Romanian writer and Indologist. After publishing three books and getting his PhD in Bucharest, he went to Delhi University as first teacher of Romanian studies (1977-1984), in exchange with an Indian teacher to Bucharest University, under Romanin-Indian Cultural Agreement. In India, issued over 30 titles of publications (books, brochures, courses, magazines), and founded, with Amrita Pritam and Vinod Seth, the International Academy “Mihai Eminescu” (1981). Member of Romanian Writers Union, Authors Guild of India, International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences. Honors (1): British Council and Government of India Grants for congresses, honorary citizen of Râmnicu Vâlcea, Literary award Ronal Gasparic for poetry.
Early years Anca was born in Ruda village, Valcea county, from parents Elisaveta, housewife, and Ion, church singer and accountant, temporarily mayor of Bercioiu-Ruda commune. He is the third child, after sisters Maria, who died at 3 months, and Ioana. By his parents divorce, at nine years, he followed, by sentence, the father, remarried in Gaesti town. Here he passed gymnasium and lyceum, having among professors, Ion Minculescu, collaborator of Nicolae Iorga, and among elder colleagues, Gheorghe Zamfir. Between 1961-1966 he was student of Faculty of Letters in Bucharest University. He married Rodica Geoaba, student in Fine Arts University, ceramics. After 6 months of military service, he became, for two years, reporter at Romanian Broadcasting, transferred, for other two years at Colocvii/Colloquiums magazine, then in Ministry of Education for relations with the press, six years, during which he obtained a four months scholarship at Rome University, and also got a PhD from Bucharest University, conducted by Zoe Dumitrescu-Busulenga, with a dissertation on Baudelaire and Romanian Poets. In 1973, daughter Alexandra-Maria was born. He met periodically with Dumitru Stăniloae, Constantin Noica, and Grigore Popa, also in connection with doctoral disertation. At Libraries direction, he has as direct chief, Mihai Sora. At a restructuring of ministry, he started teaching in Faculty of Journalism, and in 1977 flown to Delhi, India, as visiting lecturer in Delhi University, Modern European Languages Dept., in present, German and Romance Studies.
Career As student, Anca made journalistic practice at Gazeta literară/Literary gazette, headed by Tiberiu Utan.. After graduation and military service, waiting for “negation” of governmental repartition as teacher to village Petrești, Anca collaborated to Apărarea patriei/Defence of Motherland journal, and afterward was employed at Romanian Radio Broadcasting (1967). In August 1968, during Soviet Russian intervention in Prague, when journalists remained days and nights in the building, interviewed personalities who commented the events. On his cultural broadcast The present time of ballad Miorița – with Dimitrie Cuclin, Zoe Dumitrescu-Bușulenga, Grigore Moisil, Ovidiu Papadima, Mihai Șora, Grigore Popa, Adrian Fochi as guests - , Florin Mugur wrote in România literară: „This time, to the collaborators – as serious as possible – of broadcast it was permited to have humor. I listened to Grigore Moisil expressing his conviction that 'only valueless works lose their value when they are better known', and adding, after a puse of a great actor in uttering: 'As well as people' “. (1) Anca left radio-broadcasting for a post of editor offered by Emil Giurgiuca, chief-editor of monthly journal Colocvii despre școlă, familie și societate/ Colloquiums on school, family and society, for two years, from where he passed at to Ministry of Education, at request of minister Mircea Malița. He worked also under following ministers, Paul-Niculescu-Mizil and Suzana Gâdea. He edited press bulletins covering Higher Education Conference of UNESCO countries, headed by Rene Maheu, and World Conference on Population. Organized, in Bucharest, press conference of Margaret Thatcher. He continued discretely his literary activity. For George Anca, Romanian Communist regime, replaced with largest democracy, India, had concurrency by Moscow and Maoist branches of quiet many members in universities. Publishing in 1983 Doina/Song by Mihai Eminescu (poem prohibited then in Romania), at its centenary, Anca was questioned in the department for disturbing Soviet Russian Embassy in Delhi, and soon resigned and returned home. In the years 1977-1984 and 2002-2003, he taught Romanian to some hundreds of Indian students, followed himself a course of Sanskrit, attended World Conference of Anthropology and Ethnology (Delhi...), Conference Literature in Translation (Aurangabad...), lectured in Bangalore Indian Institute of World Culture, Calcutta University. Back to Romania, after some time, he found a job, as director of Library of Polytechnic University, and then, for 20 years, as general manager of National Library of Education. In Politechnic, Anca brought and spread films and books on fractals, including Otto Peitgen's. Series Professors of today on professors of yesterday gathered large audiences of professors and students. Long functioning in front of National Library of Education (1988-2008) established a balanced contribution to Romanian educational librarianship, also by participation to IFLA Conferences in New Orleans, Boston, Glasgow, Moscow, Oslo, Buenos Aires, Bangkok. Along with national net of school libraries, the Romanian libraries in Chișinău, Cernowitz, Novi Sad or „Mircea Eliade” in Chicago, had an umbilical tie with the mother unit. Educational workshops were conducted by George Văideanu, Irina Petrescu, Tatiana Slama-Cazacu, Tudor Opriș, Ion Gh. Stanciu, Mihai Ghivirigă. To literary cenacles participated Ștefan Bănulescu, Costache Olăreanu, Mircea Sântimbreanu, Mihai Șora, Ion Iuga. Here activated International Academy Mihai Eminescu, presided, one by one, by Eugen Tudoran, Alexandru Surdu, Dimitrie Vatamaniuc, Ethnology Society in Romania, conducted by Romulus Vulcănescu, Romanian-Indian Cultural Association – president, George Anca. (2). Anca participated to IUAES congresses (Delhi, Williamsburg, Tokyo, Beijing, Lisbon, Florence), and International Ramayana Conference (Delhi, Durban, New York, Houston, Birmingham, Mauritius, Trinidad-Tobago) As associated professor he taught courses in universities from Bucharest, Consatnța, Oradea, Târgoviște, on comparative literature, history of Romanian literature, Indian literature, Sociology of religion, Anthropology of (non)violence, Literary journalism.
Literary imbroglio Author stated he never stoped writing, trying to transform each experience into literature, within or beyond library or anthropology professing, looking for a rasa-dhvani (tropes-suggestion), fictional, experimental message. Before 1989, he was hardly published in Romania, but in India. Prohibition turned also into fear of success, and after changing of regime, even he published many books in own country, didn't push them any how, as if with complacency face to destructive notes on his works, under accusation o f being not understandable (note). Yet local analyzes, some even calling him a creator of a new style, still considered the tiny appreciation in main stream criticism. (note). Perhaps not too late, literary critic and historian Marian Popa came, by surprise, with the monograph Anca . It may be ignored under inertia of a life perception, yet his demonstration concludes on obvious characteristics: „Anca doesn't present contexts of representation of mimesis. He is most antirealist Romanian author. (page 48)... Anca's books are dodii also through defying of some structuring conventions. (67)... La Gioia is in this sense a political novel, one of most radical written in Romanian space. (161)... It would be not bad bad if it will be introduced among ideal types the texts dodiated by Anca, the most radical producer of text in series open virtually by Eminescu, developed with Urmuz, at fulfillment of which have contributed Constantin Fântâneru the philosopher, Eugen Ionescu the absurd, Cugler-Apunake, George Dan (People of the Lands, manuscript in 1946, published in 2011), Șerban Foarță, the hologramatic. (2006) (206)... Postdemocracy creates a postliterature. One of its forms is produced by Anca at the expense of others. (207). Writing as he writes, Anca uses the largest amount of real and invented words in Romanian literature. Based on his texts it is realizable with luxe of exemplifications also a poetics or at least a dictionary of dodian proceedings, tricks refused by logic of conformized poetry. (209)... With Anca it ends symmetrically antiapoteotic a mode of Romanian literature. An opera which would correspond to would correspond to Nietzsche's claim: "Ich will mehr lesen keinen Author, den man anmerkt, wollte er ein Buch machen: Jene sondern nur ein Buch wurden unversehens Deren Gedanken" (Menschliches, allzumenschliches, II, 121)”. (210) (3)
Indoeminescology “Mihai Eminescu, Romanin nationl poet, declared himself Buddhist as an empowered Christian. During more than 15 years I had talks and letters about Mihai Eminescu, mainly in and from India, but also other continents: they make some personal and Indo-eminescological history in an epistolary novel I had honor to dedicate to your excellency, Mr. President of India, Dr. Sharma ji.” (Public address to the President of India (4). Beyond interpretation works on Eminescu – Zalmoxis in poetry of Mihai Einescu and Lucian Blaga (1966), Indoeminescology (1994), Literary Anthropology (2005), Mantra Eminescu (2011) -, there is an ubiquitous presence of the archetypal poet in Anca's works., especially in poetry and theater. “The Sanskrit correspondence with the Romanian culture and poetry culminates with Mihai Eminescu, a reader of Vedas and Upanishads in original. In Romania, it is taught at school that „The First Epistle” or „The Dacian prayer” (Nirvana) are connected with Rig-Veda. Of course the analogy is fundamental but the correspondence lies both in the common or community cosmogonic mind and particularly in the universal intuition of real life, of sat („village” in Romanian, „truth” in Sanskrit)”. Along with Indian themes,”There are not from out Eminescu’s poetic universe the concepts and anthropologies of some modern Romanian creators and thinkers, like Vasile Pârvan’s anthropomorphous creative rhythm, synrhythmy, aphrodisiac mind, Lucian Blaga’s mythosophy, stylistic bottom, metaphysical transnaturalism, George Călinescu’s real elements, Eugen Ionescu’s nu, Mircea Eliade’s genealogical myths, Hyerophanies, categories of the sacred, Dimitrie Cuclin’s ethics of expressive essence, Ştefan Odobleja’s consonantic psychology, Octav Onicescu’s cosmological mechanics, Constantin Noica’s Romanian philosophical utterance, Mircea Maliţa’s clio-mathematics, Mihai Şora’s metaphysical anthropology, Romeo Vulcănescu’s horal phenomenon.” (5). Anca persuaded Indian major poets to translate into Indian languages great poems of Indian inspiration by Eminescu: Hyperion, First Epistle, A Dacian Prayer – Satyavrat Shastri, Rafic Vihari Joshi, Urmila Rani Trikha, Sisir Kumar Das, O.M. Anujan, Margaret Chatterjee, Mahendra Dave, Usha Chaudhuri, Harbhajan Singh. At his turn, he translated great Indian poems from Sanskrit Kalidasa's Meghaduta, Jayadeva's Gitagovinda, Shankaracharya's Sundarya Lahari – and modern Indian languges – Tagore, Sumitranandan Panth, Subramanian Bharati, Valathol. Literary historian Mihai Cimpoi included Anca on the alphabetic list of main exponents of eminescology: „(G. Anca, Ilie Bădescu, Amita Bhose, Gh. Bulgăr. I. Buzași, D. Caracostea, G. Călinescu, I. Chendi, Ciopraga, Cioran, Codreanu, Rosa del Conte, Victor Crăciun, Creția, C. Cubleșan, Zoe Dumitrescu-Bușulenga, N. Georgescu, E. Ionescu, Iorga, D. Irimia, Maiorescu, Dan Mănucă, I. Miloș, G. Munteanu, D. Murărașu, Tudor Nedelcea, C. Noica, Paleologu-Matta, Edgar Papu, Perpessicius, A.Z.N. Pop, D. Popovici, E. Simion, M. Steriade, Tiutiucă, Todoran, Ungheanu. Uscătescu, Vatamaniuc, Vianu, Vuia, Vieru etc.etc.)” (6)
Invocations, 1966, first poetry book published by Anca, includes already a title, „Dodii”, dedicated to V. G. Paleolog, Brancusologist. Gorjul literar magazine published in 1977 his dramatic poem Măiastra în dodii. Later on, in Ibsenienii III, a chapter is called Dodism. Ioan Ladea creates from distance (note...) an imaginary dialogue with George Anca evoking passionately the dodii, as longings, sad and discrete smiles, which dissimulate into a soft humor, into a timid uncertainty which wants to hide the intimacy of which is embarrassed. Once, the dodia animates itself, as some unknown flying insect, pretending it left native place to see the world, and that dodia would help finding the lost way of return. (January '999). Beyond such tool, the vivid actualization of home troubles makes room to a “patern of world”. (7) In monograph Anca, Marian Popa reads his entire work as a system of dodii, extended to literary and philosophical doctrines, especially to chaos at Friederich Schlegel. In first instance, „As seen, dodia is a synonym or proximate genre for dodge, dotage, whiplash, to talk wet, to talk widely, without rhyme or reason, to be out of one's wits, to play the giddy goat, quips, nonsenses, rubbish, to twaddle, and in possible relation to: “flip-flap, Maritso” (Anca)”. (p.13). “The dodii are initially limited to language; It's conceivable the extension to actions and situations involving the volitional, the existence of a tangible goal, corporal, instrumental actions.” (p.15). “In the broadest sense, it may be considered dodii any deviations from the denotative expression and from the logic of the first syllogism. There is, for example, the opinion that literature under totalitarian Communism was one of the essay and poetry, saved by Aesopism and “the speaking in dodii” (Adrian Alui Gheorghe)” (p.17) The growing dodii tacit “method” may have been noticed more or less by chance, from first book, received encouragingly but also as sibilant (note); the second one, Eres/Heresy upgraded perception to parasitism. “Absolutely undecipherable is the volume of Gheorghe Anca – Eres” (8) “It can be deciphered in the verses of George Anca a kind of exaltation in front of esoteric uttering, of unusual imagistic delirium, fascination of a game 'in dodii', out of which he tends to make, actually, a kind of personal aesthetics. His attempt to restructuring of the real into a flux of fragmentary, insinuating images results otherwise, not rarely, into a gibberish which simulate reflexion” (9). Anca found India quiet happy with the dodii, and felt, poetically, sheltered and quiet, embracing Indology. “In his sharp new voice, Anca is pungent, discordant, airs disillusional passion and brevity of human life. He is at his best in two epitaphs titled 'what can we do sergiu welcome to irk ever' and ' the parents are still oppressing the young mares our sister in the meadows by' “. (10)
“ The concepts represented in these works by Sanskrit words indicate firstly, that they have a universal appeal and secondly, that the use of Sanskrit terms, instead of equivalents from other languages, is meant to convey this universal appeal. Personally, I feel amazed at the remarkable similarity of rhythm and tune as noticed in Dr. Trikha's rendering of a Romanian song and its Sanskrit translation” (11)
Books published in Romania and India
Poetry Invocaţii / Invocations, 1968 Poemele părinţilor / Poems of the Parents, 1976 10 Indian Poems, 1978 Ek shanti, 1981 De rerum Aryae, 1982 Upasonhind, 1982 Ardhanariswara, 1982 Mantre / Mantras, 1982 Sonhind, 1982 Norul vestitor/The Cloud Messenger (Kalidasa), 1983 Gitagovinda (Jayadeva), 1983 Sonet, 1984 50 doine lui Ilie Ilaşcu / 50 songs to Ilie Ilascu, 1994 Doina cu variaţiuni / Doina song with variations , 1995 Doine în dodii / Doinas in dodii, 1997 Waste, 1998 Decasilab, 1999 Balada Calcuttei, Ballad of Calcutta 2000 Sonete thailandeze, 2000 Orientopoetica, 2000 Malta versus Trinidad, 2000 Mamma Trinidad, 2001 Milarepa, 2001 Dodii, 2002 Măiastra în dodii, 2003 Transbudhvana, 2004 Maroc după tată / Morocco according to father, 2004 New York Ramayana, 2004 Nefertiti & Borges, 2004 Finish Romania, 2006 A la Reine de Maillane, 2006 Cenuşa lui Eliade / Eliade's Ashes, 2007 Târgovişte – India, 2008 Partea Nimănui / Nobody's part, 2010 Paparuda, 2011 Netrecut p'afiș / Not written on poster, 2013 Dodii pe viață / Dodii on life term, 2013
Prose Eres, 1970 Parinior, 1982 India. Memorii la mijlocul vieţii / India. Memoirs at the middle of life, 1982 The Buddha, 1994 Maica Medeea la Paris, 1997 Miongdang, 1997 Sub clopot / Under bell, 1998 Pelasgos, 1999 Frica de Orient / Fear of the Orient, 2001 Buddha şi colonelul / Buddha and the coroner, 2001 Furnici albe / White ants, 2001 Poeston, 2001 Baudelaire, 2001 Sanskritikon, 2002 La Gioia, 2002 Măslinii din Uffizi / The olive trees in Uffizi, 2003 În recunoaştere / In recognition, 2003 Tangoul tigrului / The tiger's tango, 2005 Ibsenienii, 2005 Diplomă de sinucidere / Suicid diploma, 2005 Rechinuri / Sharks, 2006 Digital Kali, 2006 Zăpezi hawaiiene / Hawaiian snows, 2006 Roboam, 2007 Sfinți în Nirvana / Saints in Nievana, 2008 Barba lui Hegel / The Hegel's Beard, 2013
Theatre Good luck, Radha, 1979 Pancinci, 1982 XII by Horace Gange, 1984 Teatru sub clopot /Theater under bell, 1997 Mureşan Eminescu, 1997 Templu în elicopter / Temple in helicopter, 1997 Paparuda, 2007 Astă-seară se joacă Noica / This evening is played Noica, 2008 Scenometrie Teatrux, 2011
Essays Baudelaire şi poeţii români / Baudelaire and Romanian Poets, 1974, 2001 Indoeminescology, 1994 Articles on education, 1995 Haos, temniţă şi exil / Chaos, Prison and Exile, 1995 Lumea fără coloana lui Brâncuşi / World without Brancusi's Column, 1997 Ion Iuga în India, 1997 Beauty and Prison, 1998 From Thaivilasa to Cosmic Library, 1999 Ramayanic Ahimsa, 1999 Aesthetic Anthropology, 2000 In search of Joy, 2003 Literary Anthropology, 2005 Glose despre ahimsa / Glosses on ahimsa, 2006 Exerciţii de religiologie / Exercises on religiology, 2009 Mantra Eminescu, 2011
Translations Gianni Rodari, Grammatica della fantasia / Gramatica fanteziei, 1980 (EDP), 2005 (Humanitas) Kalidasa, Meghaduta / Norul vestitor, 1983 Jayadeva, Gitagovinda, 1983 Rajiv Dogra, Footprints in the foreign sands/ Urme pe nisip, 1999 Faust Brădescu, Le monde etrange de Ionesco / Lumea stranie a lui Eugen Ionescu, 2000 Hindu Dharma / Dharma Hindusă, 2002 Târgoviște-India, 2008 Surender Bhutani, Poems / Poeme, 2008 Rudi Jansma, Sneh Rani Jain, Introduction to Jainism / Introducere în Jainism, 2011
Periodicals edited: „The Milky Way / Akaash Ganga” (1978-1981) "Latinitas" (1982–1984); "Liber" (1990-2008); "Bibliotheca Indica" (1996-2008); “Trivium” (2004-2012).
Script writer (TV films): Constantin Brâncuşi, 1974; Gheorghe Anghel, 1974; Romul Ladea, 1974; Eminescu’s Statues, 1974; India in the European Literatures, 1979; Doine în dodii, 1997.
References 1. Florin Mugur, Miorița, in România literară, 13 ianuarie 1976. 2. Presently, the activity of the three societies is part of monthly program Tuesday Colloquiums, moderated by George Anca, within Social-Cultural Center “Jean Louis Calderon” in Bucharest 3. Marian Popa, Anca, Bibliotheca, Târgoviște, 2013; same monograph published also by TipoMoldova, Iași, 2013 4. Address by George Anca in occasion of ceremony of receiving Honorary Doctorate, Bucharest University, by H.E. Shanker Dayal Sharma, President of India 5. George Anca, Mantra Eminescu, Bibliotheca, 2011, p. 125-126, 128 6. Quoted in Eminescu, by Tudor Nedelcea, București, Fundația națională pentru Știință și Artă, 2013, p. 490 7. Ioan Ladea, Jurnal din Quito comandat de George Anca/ The Diary in Quito ordered by George Anca, A.P.P. 1999, Bucharest) 8. Literatura parazitară în România literară, 13 august 1971 9. Dana Dumitriu, Poemele părinților, in România literară, 10 iunie 1976 10. V.K. Gaur, A collection of poignant poems (on Ardhanariswara), in Sunday Herald, Delhi, 22 August, 1982, 12 September 1982 11. Harish Kumar, Mantre, Ardhanariswara, Parinior, Three volumes by Dr. George Anca, in Indian Literature, Delhi, Sahitya Akademi, May-June 1983